Research-Based Practices imageResearch-Based Practices and Predictors

Resource List

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        • Anchored Instruction to Teach Math - Description

          This Practice Description is a Research-Based Practice based on two acceptable quality group-experimental studies, one group-experimental study that did not adhere to all required quality indicators (i.e., reporting multiple measures to provide a balance between measure closely aligned with the intervention and measures of generalized performance), and two group-pre-experimental studies.

          • Anchored Instruction to Teach Mathematical Problem Solving - Lesson

            This Lesson Plan for teaching students to compute fractions and solve both word- and contextualized- problems.

        • Corrective Reading to Teach Reading Skills - Description

          This practice description has a Research-Based Practice level of evidence based on three acceptable quality singlecase studies, and an additional four studies with weak experimental designs. 

        • Graduated Sequence of Instruction to Teach Math - Description

          This Practice Description is a Research-Based Practice based on one acceptable quality group study, one acceptable quality single-case study, three additional single-case studies demonstrating a functional relation that did not report on all required quality indicators (i.e., procedural fidelity, describing the measurement process for each dependent variable, describing all dependent variables with operational precision), and one single-case study demonstrating positive effects without a functional relation.

          • Graduated Sequence of Instruction - Algebra - Algebraic Integer - Lesson

            This Lesson Plan is for teaching students to represent and solve algebraic word problems that involve the subtraction of integers.

          • Graduated Sequence of Instruction - Algebra - Lesson1

            Lesson plan for concrete phase lesson to teach algebraic equations.

          • Graduated Sequence of Instruction - Algebra - Lesson2

            Lesson plan for representational phase lesson to teach algebraic equations.

          • Graduated Sequence of Instruction - Algebra - Lesson3

            Lesson plan for abstract phase lesson to teach algebraic equations.

          • Graduated Sequence of Instruction - Geometry - Lesson - Area

            Lesson plan to teach geometry - area - using geoboard. 

          • Graduated Sequence of Instruction - Geometry - Lesson - Perimeter

            Lesson planto teach geometry - perimeter - using geoboard. 

        • Graphic Organizers to Teach Science

          This Practice Description is a Research-based Practice based on 2 acceptable quality single-case studies and 3 acceptable quality group studies.

          • Graphic Organizer - Science Content - Lesson

            Lesson plan to teach mastery of science content using a graphic organizer. Example is for lesson on photosynthesis.

        • Mnemonics to Teach Mathematical Problem Solving - Description

          This Practice Description is a Research-Based Practice based on 2 acceptable group experimental studies, 3 acceptable single-case, and 1 high quality single-case study

          • Mnemonics - Math - First - Problem Solving - Lesson

            This Lesson Plan is for teaching students to use the mnemonic device called the SOLVE Strategy, to teach mathematical problem solving skills.

          • Mnemonics - Math - Fractions - Lesson1

            Lesson plan to teach phase two of the LAP mnemonic for addition and substraction of fractions. 

          • Mnemonics - Math - Fractions - Lesson2

            Lesson plan to teach the Look Ask Pick mnemonic strategy for addition and subtraction of fractions. 

          • Mnemonics - Math - Fractions - Lesson3

            Lesson plan to teach phase three of the LAP mnemonic strategy for addition and subtraction of fractions. 

        • Mnemonics to Teach Science Content - Description

          This practice description is a Research Based Practice based on 6 acceptable quality group studies.

          • Mnemonics to Teach - Lesson1 - Science Vocabulary

            This lesson plan starter if to use mnemonics to learn definitions of science terms

          • Mnemonics to Teach - Lesson2 - Minerals

            This lesson plan starter is to use mnemonics to teach mineral hardness levels

        • Peer Tutoring to Teach Reading - Description

          Practice description of peer tutoring instruction across academic skills. NTACT

          • Peer Assisted Learning - Reading Comprehension - Lesson - Activity 1

            Lesson plan for first phase of using peer assisted learning to promote reading comprehension, including visual prompts and point cards for student pairs. 

          • Peer Assisted Learning - Reading Comprehension - Lesson - Activity 2

            Lesson plan for second phase of using peer assisted learning to promote comprehension of main idea, including prompts and point cards for student pairs. 

          • Peer Assisted Learning - Reading Comprehension - Lesson - Activity 3

            Lesson plan for thrid phase of using peer assisted learning to promote reading comprehension with text prediction, including prompts and point cards for student pairs. 

          • Peer Tutoring to Teach Reading - Lesson1 - Vocabulary

            Lesson plan to teach students to read vocabulary words.

          • Peer Tutoring to Teach Reading - Lesson2 - Fluency

            Lesson plan to teach students to read a text with improved fluency making very few errors.

        • Peer Tutoring to Teach Social Studies Content - Description

          This practice description is of a research-based practice based on four studies, three of which had strong research designs, two of which met criteria to be considered acceptable quality group experimental studies.

          • Peer Tutoring to Teach 20th Century World History - Lesson

            This lesson plan is to teach students 20th century world history content using peer-tutoring in special education classes. 

        • Peer-Tutoring to Teach Science - Description

          This practice description is a Research Based Practice based on 1 acceptable quality single-case studies and 2 acceptable group studies. 

          • Peer-Mediated Embedded Instruction to Teach Inquiry Science in an Inclusive Setting - Lesson

            This lesson plan starter is to teach students to respond correctly to 6th grade science questions across three units on the following topics (a) Technology and Energy, (b) Kinetic and Potential Energy, and (c) Continents and Tectonic Plates, as well as, use a KWHL chart during inclusive inquiry science lessons. 

        • Schema-Based Instruction to Solve Math Word Problems - Description

          This practice description is a Research Based Practice based on 2 acceptable quality single-case studies and 4 acceptable quality group studies. 

          • Schema-Based Instruction to Solve Math Word Problems - Lesson1

            This lesson plan starter is to teach students the skills to distinguish between three different word problem types using the schema strategy and solve one step math word problems using the schema stratgy. 

          • Schema-Based Instruction to Solve Math Word Problems - Lesson2

            This lesson plan starter is to teach students the skills to distinguish between three different word problem types using the schema strategy and solve two-step math word problems using the schema strategy.

        • Self-Management Instruction to Teach Math - Description

          This practice description is a Research Based Practice based on 4 acceptable quality single-case studies.

          • Self-Management Instruction to Teach Math - Lesson

            Lesson plan starter to increase accuracy and productivity on an academic skill using self-management (Carr & Punzo, 1993)

        • Self-Monitoring to Teach Reading - Description

          This practice description is a Research Based Practice based on 3 acceptable quality single-case studies.

          • Self-Monitoring to Teach Story Elements - Lesson

            This lesson plan starter is to teach students to identify story elements.

        • Structured Inquiry to Teach Science

          This is a research-based practice based on two studies with strong research designs, neither of which met criteria to be considered acceptable quality group experimental studies.

          • Structured-Inquiry to Teach Environmental Science - Lesson

            This lesson plan starter is to teach students about effects of pollution on ecosystems using structured inquiry.

        • Whose Future is it? - Self-Determination - Description

          Practice description of Whose Future Is it Anyway? NSTTAC

        • Self-Advocacy Strategy - Student Participation in IEP - Description

          Practice description for Self-Advocacy Strategy. NSTTAC

          • Self-Advocacy Strategy - Student Participation in IEP - Lesson1

            Lesson plan to increase IEP participation using the Self-Advocacy Strategy (VanReusen. Deshler, & Schumaker, 1989)

          • Self-Advocacy Strategy - Student Participation in IEP - Lesson2 - Multimedia

            Lesson plan to teach IEP meeting participation using an interactive multimedia version of the Self-Advocacy strategy (Lancaster, Schumaker, & Deshler, 2002)

          • Self-Advocacy Strategy - Student Participation in IEP - Lesson3

            Lesson plan to increase IEP meeting participation using the Self-Advocacy strategy (VanReusen & Bos, 1994)

        • Self-Directed IEP - Student Participation in IEP - Description

          Practice description of Self-Directed IEP. NSTTAC

          • Self-Directed IEP - Student Participation in IEP - Lesson

            Lesson plan for using Self-Directed IEP curriculum (Allen et al., 2002)

        • Counseling - Competitive Employment - VR Practice Description

          Practice Description for the effective practice of Counseling and the Working Alliance between Counselor and Consumer identified by the RRTC-EBP-VR.

        • Counselor Education - Competitive Employment - VR Practice Description

          Practice Description for the effective practice of Counselor Education identified by the RRTC-EBP-VR.

        • Interagency Collaboration - Competitive Employment - VR Practice Description

          Practice Description for the effective practice of interagency collaboration identified by the RRTC-EBP-VR.

        • Response Prompting - Employment Skills - Description

          Practice description for response prompting to teach employment skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Response Prompting - Employment Skills - Lesson - Cleaning

            Lesson plan to teach job skills (cleaning bathrooms) using response prompting (Mitchell, Schuster, Collins, & Gassaway, 2000)

        • Self-Management Instruction - Job Skills - Description

          Practice description for self-management to teach job specific skills

        • Simulations to Teach Social Skills - Description

          This Practice Description is a Research-Based Practice based on four acceptable quality single subject studies.

          • Simulation - Social Skills - Lesson1

            Lesson plan to teach job-related social skills using simulations (Clement-Heist, Seigel, & Gaylord-Ross, et al., 1992)

          • Simulation - Social Skills - Lesson2

            Lesson plan to teach communication skills on the job using simulation (Heller, Allgood, Ware, & Castelle, 1996)

        • Supported Employment - Competitive Employment - VR Practice Description

          Practice Description for the effective practice of Supported Employment identified by the RRTC-EBP-VR.

        • Targeted Group - Competitive Employment - VR Practice Description

          Practice Description for the effective practice of Targeted Group identified by the RRTC-EBP-VR.

        • Whose Future is it? - Self-Determination - Description

          Practice description of Whose Future Is it Anyway? NSTTAC

        • Self-Advocacy Strategy - Student Participation in IEP - Description

          Practice description for Self-Advocacy Strategy. NSTTAC

          • Self-Advocacy Strategy - Student Participation in IEP - Lesson2 - Multimedia

            Lesson plan to teach IEP meeting participation using an interactive multimedia version of the Self-Advocacy strategy (Lancaster, Schumaker, & Deshler, 2002)

          • Self-Advocacy Strategy - Student Participation in IEP - Lesson3

            Lesson plan to increase IEP meeting participation using the Self-Advocacy strategy (VanReusen & Bos, 1994)

        • Self-Directed IEP - Student Participation in IEP - Description

          Practice description of Self-Directed IEP. NSTTAC

          • Self-Directed IEP - Student Participation in IEP - Lesson

            Lesson plan for using Self-Directed IEP curriculum (Allen et al., 2002)

        • Simulation - Social Skills - Description

          Practice description for simulation to teach employment-related social skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Simulation - Social Skills - Lesson1

            Lesson plan to teach students vocational social skills.

          • Simulation - Teaching Communication Skills in an Employment Site Using Dual Communication Boards

            Lesson plan to improve receptive and expressive communication with coworkers using a dual communication board at community employment sites

        • Community Based Instruction - Purchasing - Description

          Practice description for community-based instruction to teach purchasing skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Community Based Instruction - Purchasing - Lesson - Counting-On Strategy

            Lesson plan to teach countin-on strategy using community based instruction (Cihak & Grim, 2008)

        • Community Based Instruction - Safety Skills - Description

          Practice description for using community based instruction to teach safety skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Community Based Instruction - Safety Skills - Lesson1 - Public Phone

            Lesson plan to teach public phone use with community-based instruction (Collins, Stinson & Laud, 1993)

          • Community Based Instruction - Safety Skills - Lesson2 - Crossing the Street

            Lesson plan to teach crossing the street using community-based instruction (Collins, Sinson, & Laud, 1993)

          • Community Based Instruction - Safety Skills - Lesson3 - Using Cell Phone

            Lesson plan to teach using a cell phone when lost using community-based instruction (Taber, Alberto, Hughes, & Seltzer, 2002)

        • Computer Assisted Instruction - Food Preparation and Cooking Skills - Description

          Practice description of computer-assisted instruction on food preparation and cooking. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Computer Assisted Instruction - Food Preparation and Cooking Skills - Lesson 1

            Lesson plan to teach cooking with video recipes using response prompts (Mechling & Stephens, 2009)

          • Computer Assisted Instruction - Food Preparation and Cooking Skills - Lesson 2

            Lesson plan to teach food preparation and cooking of variety of foods using computer assisted instruction (Mechling, Gast, & Field, 2008)

          • Computer Assisted Instruction - Food Preparation and Cooking Skills - Lesson 3 - Baking Cake

            Lesson plan to teach baking a cake using computer assisted instruction (Trask-Tyler, Grossi, & Heward, 1994)

        • Computer Assisted Instruction - Grocery Shopping Skills - Description

          Practice description for computer-assisted instruction to teach grocery shopping. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Computer Assisted Instruction - Grocery Shopping - Lesson

            Lesson plan to teach grocery shopping using technology resources. (Mechling, Gast, & Langone, 2002)

        • Constant Time Delay - Life Skills - Description

          Practice description for constant time delay to teach functional life skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Constant Time Delay - Life Skills - Lesson - Making Dessert Drinks

            Lesson plan to teach making dessert drinks using constant time delay (Wolery et al., 1991)

        • Least to Most Prompting - Food Preparation and Cooking Skills - Description

          Practice description for least to most prompting to teach food preparation and cooking skils. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Least to Most Prompting - Food Preparation and Cooking Skills - Lesson1

            Lesson plan to teach cooking using least to most prompting system (Mechling, Gast, & Field, 2008)

          • Least to Most Prompting - Food Preparation and Cooking Skills - Lesson2 - Baking Microwave Cake

            Lesson plan to teach baking using least to most prompting system (Trask-Tyler, Grossi, & Heward, 1994)

        • Least to Most Prompting - Purchasing Skills - Description

          Practice description for least to most prompting to teach purchasing skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Least to Most Prompting - Purchasing Skills - Lesson1 - Counting-On Strategy

            Lesson plan to teach counting-on strategy using least to most prompting system (Cihak & Grim, 2008)

          • Least to Most Prompting - Purchasing Skills - Lesson2

            Lesson plan to teach purchasing using least to most prompting system (Haring, Kennedy, Adams, & Pitt-Conway, 1987)

        • Most to Least Prompting - Life Skills - Description

          Practice description for most to least prompting to teach functional life skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Most to Least Prompting - Life Skills Lesson2- Bowling and Pinball

            Lesson plan to teach leisure skills using most to least prompting system (Vandercook, 1991)

          • Most to Least Prompting - Life Skills - Lesson1 - Banking

            Lesson plan to teach banking skills using most to least prompting system (McDonnell & Ferguson, 1989)

        • One-More-Than Strategy - Purchasing Skills - Description

          Practice description for one-more-than strategy to teach purchasing skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • One-More-Than Strategy - Purchasing Skills - Lesson1

            Lesson plan to teach purchasing using "one more than" or "next dollar" strategy (Cihak & Grim, 2008)

          • One-More-Than Strategy - Purchasing Skills - Lesson2

            Lesson plan to teach purchasing using "one more than" strategy with a cents pile modification (Denny & Test, 1995)

        • Progressive Time Delay - Functional Life Skills - Description

          Practice description for prrogressive time delay to teach functional life skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Progressive Time Delay - Functional Life Skills - Lesson1 - Crossing the Street

            Lesson plan to teach street crossing using progressive time delay (Collins, Stinson, & Laud, 1993)

          • Progressive Time Delay - Functional Life Skills - Lesson2 - Public Telephone Usage

            Lesson plan to teach phone use using progressive time delay (Collins, Stinson, & Land, 1993) 

          • Progressive Time Delay - Functional Life Skills - Lesson3 - Reading Warning Labels

            Lesson plan to teach reading warning labels using progressive time delay (Collins & Stinson, 1994-1995)

          • Progressive Time Delay - Functional Life Skills - Lesson4 - Selecting Lower Price

            Lesson plan seeking lower priced items using progressive time delay (Sandknop, Schuster, Wolery, & Cross, 1992)

        • Progressive Time Delay - Safety Skills - Description

          Practice description for progressive time delay to teach safety skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Progressive Time Delay - Safety Skills - Lesson 1 - Reading Labels

            Lesson plan to teach reading warning labels using progressive time delay (Collins & Stinson, 1994-1995)

          • Progressive Time Delay - Safety Skills - Lesson 2 - Crossing the Street

            Lesson plan to teach street crossing using progressive time delay (Collins, Stinson, & Laud, 1993)

        • Response Prompting - Grocery Shopping Skills - Description

          Practice description for response promting to teach grocery shopping skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Response Prompting - Grocery Shopping Skills - Lesson1

            Lesson plan to teach grocery shopping within a budget using response prompting (Nietupski, Welch, & Wacker, 1983)

          • Response Prompting - Grocery Shopping Skills - Lesson2

            Lesson plan to teach making and following a grocery shopping list using response prompting (Gaule, Neitupski, & Certo, 1985)

        • Response Prompting - Laundry Skills - Description

          Practice description for response promting to teach laundry skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Response Prompting - Laundry Skills - Lesson

            Lesson plan to teach laundry skills using response prompting (Taylor, Collins, Schuster, & Kleinart, 2002)

        • Response Prompting - Purchasing - Description

          Practice description for response prompting to teach purchasing skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Response Prompting - Purchasing - Lesson

            Lesson plan to teach grocery shopping within a budget using response prompting (Nietupski, Welch, & Wacker, 1983)

        • Response Prompting - Social Skills - Description

          Practice description for response prompting to teach social skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Response Prompting - Social Skills - Lesson

            Lesson plan to reduce stereotypic behavior using response prompting. (Frea, 1997)

        • Simultaneous Prompting - Functional Skills - Description

          Practice description for using simultaneous prompting to teach functional life skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Simultaneous Prompting - Functional Skills - Lesson - Locker

            Lesson plan to teach opening a locker using simultaneous prompting (Fetko, Schuster, Harley, & Collins, 1999)

        • Time Delay to Teach Science Skills - Description

          This practice description is an Evidence Based Practice based on six acceptable quality single-case studies.

          • Progressive Time Delay to Teach Science Skills - Lesson

            This lesson plan teaches students how to recognize key words and their corresponding definitions from product warning labels

        • Total Task Chaining - Functional Life Skills - Description

          Practice description for total task chaining to teach functional skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Total Task Chaining - Functional Life Skills - Lesson1

            Lesson plan teaching laundromat use using total task chaning (McDonnell & McFarland, 1988)

          • Total Task Chaining - Functional Life Skills - Lesson2

            Lesson plan teaching leisure skills using total task chaining (Vandercook, 1991)

        • Video Modeling - Food Preparation and Cooking Skills - Description

          Practice description for video modeling to teach food preparation and cooking skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Video Modeling - Food Preparation and Cooking Skills - Lesson1 - Cooking

            Lesson plan to teach cooking using video modeling (Mechling & Stephens, 2009)

          • Video Modeling - Food Preparation and Cooking Skills - Lesson2 - Kitchen Safety and Cooking

            Lesson plan to teach fire safety in the kitchen and cooking using video modeling (Mechling, Gast, & Gustofson, 2009)

        • Video Modeling - Home Maintenance Skills - Description

          Practice description for video modeling to teach home maintenance skills. NSTTAC/NTACT

          • Video Modeling - Home Maintenance Skills - Lesson1 - Cooking

            Lesson plan to teach cooking using video modeling (Mechling & Stephens, 2009)

          • Video Modeling - Home Maintenance Skills - Lesson2 - Safety

            Lesson plan to teach fire safety in the kitchen and cooking using video modeling (Mechling, Gast, & Gustofson, 2009)

        • Whose Future is it? - Self-Determination - Description

          Practice description of Whose Future Is it Anyway? NSTTAC

        • Self-Advocacy Strategy - Student Participation in IEP - Description

          Practice description for Self-Advocacy Strategy. NSTTAC

          • Self-Advocacy Strategy - Student Participation in IEP - Lesson1

            Lesson plan to increase IEP participation using the Self-Advocacy Strategy (VanReusen. Deshler, & Schumaker, 1989)

          • Self-Advocacy Strategy - Student Participation in IEP - Lesson2 - Multimedia

            Lesson plan to teach IEP meeting participation using an interactive multimedia version of the Self-Advocacy strategy (Lancaster, Schumaker, & Deshler, 2002)

          • Self-Advocacy Strategy - Student Participation in IEP - Lesson3

            Lesson plan to increase IEP meeting participation using the Self-Advocacy strategy (VanReusen & Bos, 1994)

        • Self-Directed IEP - Student Participation in IEP - Description

          Practice description of Self-Directed IEP. NSTTAC

          • Self-Directed IEP - Student Participation in IEP - Lesson

            Lesson plan for using Self-Directed IEP curriculum  (Allen et al., 2002)

    • Academic Support and Enrichment - Dropout Prevention - Description

      Practice Description for providing academic support and enrichment for students at risk of dropping out of school.

    • Accelerated Middle School - Staying and Progressing in School - Description

      Practice Description for the Accelerated Middle Schools program for staying and progressing in school. 

    • Assigning Adult Advocate - Dropout Prevention - Description

      Practice Description for assigning an adult advocate for students at risk of dropping out of school.

    • Check and Connect - Staying and Progressing in School - Description

      Practice Description for Check and Connect program for staying and progressing in school.

    • High School Redirection - Staying in School - Description

      Practice Description for High School Redirection Program for staying in school. 

      • Inclusion in General Education - Post-school Outcomes - Predictor Description

        Definition and characteristics of Inclusion in General Education which is associated with improved post-school outcomes

      • Occupational Courses - Post-school Outcomes - Predictor Description

        Definition and characteristics of Occupational Courses which is associated with improved post-school outcomes

      • Paid Work - Post-school Outcomes - Predictor Description

        Definition and characteristics of Paid Work which is associated with improved post-school outcomes

      • Transition Program - Post-school Outcomes - Predictor Description

        Definition and characteristics of Transition Program which is associated with improved post-school outcomes

      • Vocational Education - Post-school Outcomes - Predictor Description

        Definition and characteristics of Vocational Education which is associated with improved post-school outcomes

      • Youth Autonomy and Decision Making

        Definition and characteristics of Youth Autonomy and Decision Making which is associated with improved post-school outcomes

      • Inclusion in General Education - Post-school Outcomes - Predictor Description

        Definition and characteristics of Inclusion in General Education which is associated with improved post-school outcomes

      • Occupational Courses - Post-school Outcomes - Predictor Description

        Definition and characteristics of Occupational Courses which is associated with improved post-school outcomes

      • Paid Work - Post-school Outcomes - Predictor Description

        Definition and characteristics of Paid Work which is associated with improved post-school outcomes

      • Vocational Education - Post-school Outcomes - Predictor Description

        Definition and characteristics of Vocational Education which is associated with improved post-school outcomes

      • Work Study - Post-school Outcomes - Predictor Description

        Definition and characteristics of Work Study which is associated with improved post-school outcomes

      • Inclusion in General Education - Post-school Outcomes - Predictor Description

        Definition and characteristics of Inclusion in General Education which is associated with improved post-school outcomes

      • Self-Care Skills - Post-school Outcomes - Predictor Description

        Definition and characteristics of Self-Care Skills which is associated with improved post-school outcomes